ArcticBuzz: Impacts of climate change on plant-pollinator population dynamics and interactions
The effect of climate change on ecosystem processes is a key research priority, and understanding how species and communities respond to such change is crucial if we are to predict and mitigate potential harmful effects.
This project conducts annual fieldwork in an Arctic location (an area experiencing some of the highest degrees of temperature change) to gain long-term data. The approach being taken is to understand how populations and their associated behavioural and morphological traits are being influenced by seasonal (year-on-year) changes in weather (& environmental conditions) to develop a mechanistic framework to predict plant-pollinator interaction responses under climate change.
The work has involved:
1) Understanding how turnover of bee species and functional traits contribute to plant interaction robustness
2) How are species and traits filtered under certain temperatures
3) Can we use multidimensional trait analyses to predict plant-pollinator interactions, and how is climate shaping the trait space of species
4) Has the community composition of bees and plants altered with climate change, and is there evidence of phenological mismatches
Cantwell‐Jones A, Larson K, Ward A, Bates OK, Cox T, Gibbons C, Richardson R, Al‐Hayali AMR, Svedin J, Aronsson M, Brannlund F, Tylianakis JM, Johansson J & Gill RJ (2023) Mapping trait versus species turnover reveals spatiotemporal variation in functional redundancy and network robustness in a plant‐pollinator community. Functional Ecology, 37, 748-762